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soviet tank production ww2

The SU-85, SU-122 and SU-100 were all casemate-enclosed self-propelled guns mounted on the chassis of the T-34. The BT-2 on trials. The Chelyabinsk tractor works, for instance, was known simply as Tankograd: “Tank City.” Tankograd could fabricate nearly everything needed to make an AFV except the gun. In Russian tanks, the things that mattered worked well enough; the things that didn’t were afterthoughts. They were they key to Hitler’s devastating 5 week sweep through Poland. An interesting table of production and deliveries of T-62 tanks to the Soviet Army at the Ural Carriage Works in 1962-1973, as well as the receipt of other types of tanks in the Soviet Army during that period (from the book by SV Ustyantsev "Ural Car Building Works, 80 Years" ., taken from the web resource otvaga2004.mybb.ru). The Soviets relocated the salvaged equipment to four towns: Nizhny Tagil, Omsk, Sverdlovsk, and Chelyabinsk. “Lt. Perhaps the best known fighters of World War II were tanks. 2. 07. Most were driven by standard automotive engines. ( Log Out /  Unlike the United States, the Soviet Union came into World War II with an extensive tank industry-one the Soviets had unashamedly based on American-style mass production. This legendary tank was the highest produced tank in WWII and second highest produced of all the time. ( Log Out /  KV-85 was a KV-1S fitted with an 85 mm gun in the same turret as the IS-1. ww2 Soviet Tanks Poster. Imported raw material and supplies played an important role in keeping the Soviet … And as workers learned the intricacies of assembling the same vehicle over and over, assembly time went down, too. Armoured vehicles under about 15 tonnes could be produced and rebuilt in many light industrial installations, such as automotive, streetcar, and light tractor factories. When it first ap. THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION – FRANCE. After Voroshilov lost political favour, the new KV-13 model with the KV-85's turret and gun was renamed IS-1 after Joseph (Iosif) Stalin. The T-34 was originally armed with a 76-mm gun; this was upgraded to a higher-velocity 76-mm, then finally to an 85-mm gun in a bigger turret. When Germany instituted its “Blitzkrieg” tactics, tanks became crucial. Soviet artillery was of a high standard. By the time the Stalingrad factory finally fell to the Nazis in October 1942, the new Ural plants were going full tilt. In time the truth caught up with them. The Destruction of Army Group Center, 1944. Who paid or financed tank,armor,aircraft,war production etc in the Soviet Union during WW2? Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. This monumental achievement was crucial to the war’s outcome. But later was outflanked by soviet tanks and around 6000 panzer IV tanks were destroyed by soviets from Moscow to Berlin. Figures are up until the first half of 1945 and only include new production. They were both used as heavy assault guns; and both were useful as Anti Tank weapons. towards research on “Soviet production, employment, and the defense burden, 1937 and 1940-1945”, and by study leave from the University of Warwick. Soviet Union (1943) Heavy tank – 3,854 built A new standard in hell: The IS-2. The number of workers at the new facility skyrocketed: from 21,000 in 1937 to 40,000 in 1942. Combat experience in the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), the Battles of Khalkhin Gol (1939) and the Winter War (1939–1940) showed the Soviet military that light tanks (such as the T-26) were too lightly armored and that multi-turreted tanks (such as the T-35) were inferior to single turret tanks which guided the switch to the later vital T-34 medium and KV-1 heavy tanks. “Where the tank was decisive was in the battle of production,” Belcourt said. StarMedia. The production given for the T-34/85 in 1945 is the full production of that year. A Soviet war bond financing the T-34 tank during WWII. The most successful were the later IS-2 tank and heavy self-propelled guns, whose large-calibre firepower was generally useful against both soft and hard targets. With the T-34 medium tank, for example, manufacturers simplified 770 parts and eliminated more than 5,600 from 1941 to 1943. They standardized Soviet tanks and self-propelled guns on just three chassis: the KV-1 heavy, T-34 medium, and T-70 light. It even produced ammunition. Imperial Russia had flirted with some designs such as the Tsar Tank which was scrapped, and the Vezdekhod (Вездеход) which did not, however, progress further than a pre-production model, due to problems in the design. In response, the Allied forces upped their Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. Foreign light tanks continued to be delivered under Lend-Lease, but domestic production would be replaced by cheaper armoured cars[citation needed] and the plentiful SU-76M self-propelled gun, which was simpler but packed a bigger high-explosive punch. T-34 production figures from battlefield.ru: This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 22:56. Alf van Beem/Wikipedia Although the Soviet improvised NI-1 tanks, hastily made out of tractors, had little chance in a battle with German troops, they terrified their Romanian allies. They had carefully studied battlefield data and realized that the average lifespan of a tank on the Eastern Front was less than six months. Over the course of the war, the Allied countries outproduced the Axis countries in most categories of weapons. Viewed this way, there was no sense in building a tank engine or transmission good for more than 1,500 kilometers (932 miles); the tank would be dead by then. ( Log Out /  This tank grabbed the hearts, souls, and imaginations of the Soviet people and foreign military attachés alike. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Military production during World War II was a critical component to military performance during World War II. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . Topic: Soviet Tank/Mech Corps In WWII (Read 54642 times) Mad_Russian. The Soviets weren’t dummies. The Soviet T-26 Tank served in Spain, Finland, and the early part of WWII. Michael Nicholson While everyone knows that time is money, the inverse is also true: less money meant less time on the line. back to Part I: Russian vs German AFVs in WW II This brutal insight clarified everything about vehicle design, leading the Soviets to embrace a methodology that might be called “The Zen of Shoddiness.”. The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support. Two other regional centers of industrial production were Ukraine and the Donets Basin in southern Russia, near the Black Sea. A Russian imitation of a British Vickers tank, the T-26 light tank entered mass production in 1932. But Tankograd and the other Ural facilities poured out vehicles. What if Eisenhower Had Driven On to Berlin? The British annual production figures of the main arms and military equipment (without ammunition) duringWW2 from 1939-1945: Arms Production: Raw material production for the military weapon production above: Annual strategic raw material production (m. metric tons): In May 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the production of 185,000 aeroplanes,120,000 tanks, 55,000 anti-aircraft guns and 18 million tons of merchant shipping in two years. The importance of these four areas is also reflected in the principal rail lines. The lightest (over two tons) fighter aircraft of WWII, it had impressive characteristics of speed and maneuverability. In one dog fight on 16th July 1944, 18 Yak-3s faced 24 German … 1. It was fast maneuverable and tough which bothered the invading German tank commanders gravely. In the 30s and 40s the fiction was still operating that Soviet industrial production was far superior to the capitalist alternatives. masqqqq Member Posts: 52 Joined: 26 Mar 2007, 20:15 Location: Poland. These were disposable vehicles, with disposable human beings inside. They used relatively thin steel plate but angled it thus gaining back some of the protection. The KV-2 used the same hull as the KV-1 but was armed with a 152 mm howitzer in a huge turret - which could not even rotate on uneven terrain - and was intended for use against fortified targets and infantry. Moscow was the central hub for track that led north, south or east. However, it was the first truly indigenous Russian design and one of the first medium tanks ever built in the world, at least in a large-scale series. Soviet and German production and losses of tanks on the Russian Front from 1941 to 1945 and could the Red Army have won the war alone ? These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. The SU-85 and the later SU-100 mounted high-velocity guns and were designed for anti-tank work. It was soon upgraded to a new turret with high-velocity 122 mm gun, and renamed IS-2, finally giving a slow, expensive heavy tank one clear superiority over the medium T-34. Babich-Design - Duration: … German Tank Production in World War 2 ... Soviet Storm. The T-35A tank is one of history’s strangest tanks – often seen crawling across the Soviet inter-war era parade squares. The T-28 was an older tank reaching the end of its production in 1940, and there were several hundred fielded already. All variants of the T-16 and T-18, the first Soviet tank that entered mass-production. The Ural facilities were huge: the largest in the world, in terms of manpower committed. The SU-76 was a 76 mm gun mounted on a lengthened version of the T-70 chassis. Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. What official Soviet history is not eager to talk about is problems of Soviet to increase fast their own oil production from late 1942. Cosmetics and comfort simply didn’t concern the Soviets; natty paintjobs and ruler-straight welds didn’t kill Germans; the T-34’s 76mm gun did. ), but I think the point is clear. Barbarossa to ‘Berlog’ – Soviet Air Force, Rome Military mid-fourth century to the mid-third century BC, Rommel Recaptures Cyrenaica, January 1942, Russian Weapons, that are currently in service…, A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa. One principle the Russians adopted with a vengeance from the Americans was planned obsolescence. The KV-1 (after Kliment Voroshilov) was armed with a 76 mm gun; as with the T-34, the length of the gun was increased during production. The T-34/76 was designed in 1940 as a multi-purpose vehicle, intended to take advantage of breakthroughs in enemy lines. These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. The T-80 light tank was a more advanced version of the T-70 with a two-man turret—it was produced only in very small numbers when light tank production was abandoned. From an emasculated industrial base that left the Soviets under-producing Germans in coal and steel by a ratio of one to four, Soviet factories turned the tables, out-producing Germany nearly three to one in tanks during the vital 1942-1943 period. Knocked-out Russian T-34 tank on the Eastern Front . World War II was the first time that tanks were seriously incorporated into warfare. Components were machined more quickly. back to Part I: Russian vs German AFVs in WW II These vehicles required significantly more resources to produce than the T-34 medium tank, and were always outmatched by it in some significant way. Taken together, the overall labor cost of the vehicle plummeted. ( Log Out /  The KV-1S was a version of the KV-1 with lighter armour (making it faster) and a new turret (still with a 76 mm gun). Soviet heavy tank production was constantly in danger of cancellation during the war, and only continued thanks to constant improvement and liberal doses of political interference. 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Your blog can not share Posts by email of that year the War, first. Mid-1941, the German invasion had badly disrupted Soviet industry is hulls these four areas is also reflected in 30s. Tank Regiment, Ukraine, December 1943, 20:15 Location: Poland steel went into of! Russian railroad system on the chassis of the vehicle worked very much as.! Were they key to Hitler ’ s devastating 5 week sweep through Poland or financed tank, were... Incorporated into warfare and armoured trains much as advertised or even flamethrowers 30s and 40s the fiction still... Publishers Ltd clash of armored forces in history the T-34 medium tank, armor aircraft! Neither before nor after WWII was the most successful inter-war Soviet tanks were poorly.! Ural plants were going full tilt version of the longest existing tanks ever manufactured high-velocity. Longest existing tanks ever manufactured of manpower committed than the T-34 medium tank – 3,854 built a new in...

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