However, the Puritans' emphasis on individual spiritual independence was not always compatible with the community cohesion that was also a strong ideal. Many continued to practice their faith in nonconformist denominations, especially in Congregationalist and Presbyterian churches. While never a mass movement, the Puritans had the support and protection of powerful patrons in the aristocracy. The Puritan leaders were also skilled diplomats. While the Puritans were united in their goal of furthering the English Reformation, they were always divided over issues of ecclesiology and church polity, specifically questions relating to the manner of organizing congregations, how individual congregations should relate with one another and whether established national churches were scriptural. In 1647, Parliament outlawed the celebration of Christmas, Easter and Whitsuntide. Churches, public buildings, and private houses were decorated with holly and ivy.  Puritans embraced sexuality but placed it in the context of marriage.  They criticised the prayer book service for being too similar to the Catholic mass.  Puritans publicly punished drunkenness and sexual relations outside marriage. One of these attempts was made by the Puritans, who had a strong desire to create a model society based on their beliefs. Even dissenters within the Puritan ranks were routinely tried for heresy and banished. They also set up what were called dame schools for their daughters, and in other cases taught their daughters at home how to read. This permitted the licensing of Dissenting ministers and the building of chapels. believing a resurrection of the just and unjust, some to joy, and some to punishment. Eventually, Puritans came to regard a specific conversion experience as an essential mark of one's election. Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that was known for the intensity of the religious experience that it fostered.  Puritan clergymen preferred to wear black academic attire. The Puritans of the Bay colony had left England swearing up and down that they were not Separatists—that they were not trying to dismantle the Church of England.  While evangelical views on conversion were heavily influenced by Puritan theology, the Puritans believed that assurance of one's salvation was "rare, late and the fruit of struggle in the experience of believers", whereas evangelicals believed that assurance was normative for all the truly converted. faith. Being influenced by him, many Puritans were willing to immigrate to a whole new continent. They believed that Elizabeth had sacrificed too much to the Roman Catholics when creating the settlement.  Such churches were regarded as complete within themselves, with full authority to determine their own membership, administer their own discipline and ordain their own ministers. Older servants also dwelt with masters and were cared for in the event of illness or injury. The Puritan movement in England was riven over decades by emigration and inconsistent interpretations of Scripture, as well as some political differences that surfaced at that time. , Puritans did not believe confirmation was necessary and thought candidates were poorly prepared since bishops did not have the time to examine them properly. This required a high degree of literacy, as well as a deep understanding of Christian theology.  Originally, Puritan was a pejorative term characterizing certain Protestant groups as extremist. These groups, such as the Brownists, would split from the established church and become known as Separatists. Puritanism was never a formally defined religious division within Protestantism, and the term Puritan itself was rarely used after the turn of the 18th century. Most Puritans who migrated to North America came in the decade 1630-1640 in what is known as the Great Migration. There was no longer a legal requirement to attend the parish church on Sundays (for both Protestants and Catholics). Though this witch hunt occurred after Puritans lost political control of the Massachusetts colony, Puritans instigated the judicial proceedings against the accused and comprised the members of the court that convicted and sentenced the accused. p. 438. Puritans were also active in New Hampshire before it became a crown colony in 1691.  At this point, the term "Dissenter" came to include "Puritan", but more accurately described those (clergy or lay) who "dissented" from the 1662 Book of Common Prayer.. For example, the requirement that people kneel to receive communion implied adoration of the Eucharist, a practice linked to transubstantiation. First came the Pilgrims in the 1620s. Puritanism played a significant role in English history, especially during the Protectorate. , In the 17th century, the word Puritan was a term applied not to just one group but to many. African-American and Indian servants were likely excluded from such benefits. Family was a huge part of the Puritan success because, “they shared the same beliefs and had one common goal” (http://www.graceonlinelibrary.org). The book contains three chapters detailing the Puritans successful missionary endeavors during those early years.  Most Puritans of this period were non-separating and remained within the Church of England; Separatists who left the Church of England altogether were numerically much fewer. For similar reasons, they also opposed boxing. , Confirming that such a conversion had actually happened often required prolonged and continual introspection. Yet, the main complaint Puritans had was the requirement that clergy wear the white surplice and clerical cap. The rich distributed “boxes” with goodies to servants and the poor (hence Boxing Day). The Ideal Puritan Society. The Puritan movement in england was a local church and town leaders against the bishops and central authority. He called the Hampton Court Conference in 1604, and heard the teachings of four prominent Puritan leaders, including Laurence Chaderton, but largely sided with his bishops. Whilst most people were happy with Elizabeth's Religious Settlement, Puritans were not happy as they believed that it should go further in its reforms and make a truly radical Puritan church.  This so-called "Great Migration" is not so named because of sheer numbers, which were much less than the number of English citizens who immigrated to Virginia and the Caribbean during this time. Focusing on its impact on American values, Puritan inheritance profounds the influence on economic, cultural, social ideas and hard work of American’s, The Puritans and the Quakers are two religious groups that played an important role in the colonization of America. Though the Puritans won the fight with Oliver Cromwell's leadership, their victory was short-lived; hence their displacement to America. These common beliefs caused many of the women in the community to feel oppressed and silenced. The Whigs opposed the court religious policies and argued that the Dissenters should be allowed to worship separately from the established Church, and this position ultimately prevailed when the Toleration Act was passed in the wake of the Glorious Revolution in 1689. Looking to history for examples to run a community, groups are trying to implement the Puritan society to implement the benefits such as: A, the influence of the Puritans. Despite such setbacks, Puritan leaders such as John Field and Thomas Cartwright continued to promote presbyterianism through the formation of unofficial clerical conferences that allowed Puritan clergymen to organise and network. Puritans objected to bowing at the name of Jesus, the requirement that priests wear the surplice, and the use of written, set prayers in place of improvised prayers.  With the consent of their husbands, wives made important decisions concerning the labour of their children, property, and the management of inns and taverns owned by their husbands. According to covenant theology, Christ's sacrifice on the cross made possible the covenant of grace, by which those selected by God could be saved. Bounds were not set on enjoying sexuality within the bounds of marriage, as a gift from God. 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