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how to teach vocabulary to esl students

But teachers can use the GSE Teacher Toolkit to search the data and compile a list of level-appropriate words to teach their classes. Label everything in your classroom. The most popular methods involve letting students look for definitions in a dictionary, giving a detailed description of the appearance and qualities of the word or using synonyms to make students understand the new word. 1. Pre-teaching key vocabulary from text will increase their reading comprehension, boost their confidence, and equip your ELLs for success in all their academic classes. For example, a teacher using Big English may have to teaching parts of the body can access the Teacher Toolkit, click on the ‘Vocabulary’ tab and choose the topic ‘body and health’ and then select ‘Parts of the body and mind’. Choose vocabulary that is connected to your students’ lives and can be easily applied to their world outside of the classroom. To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: First, they notice a new word with help. Tell students to turn the picture over on the count of three and look at it closely for 20 seconds. In fact, entire dictionaries are devoted to the field of medical vocabulary and to understanding what the names of diseases, medicines and conditions mean. Students can also be asked to hold a conversation in front of the teacher or class and be assessed by a rubric on the degree of responding to and advancing topics, on use of strategies and vocabulary, and so forth. Mix it up! Teaching financial English vocabulary is one of the most difficult vocabulary topics to teach (not only to non-native speakers, but also to native speakers as well). Give students sentences without the target vocabulary word and then they have to find and replace the part of the sentence where the vocabulary term fits; The Take-Away – How to teach vocabulary in ESL lessons using video: Teaching vocabulary using video can be incredibly effective if … The much bigger problem for me has been the approach to teaching colour words that is suggested by the teacher’s book, school syllabus, etc. This game not only allows students to use their new words but forces them to ask each other questions and review the alphabet. 3. Have your students finish the alphabet at a pace you are both comfortable with. Some teachers (and students too!) You can include items that review vocabulary you’ve recently taught, or items along a certain theme, such as foods. When do you feel happy, and when do you feel sad? Strategies to Pre-Teach Key Vocabulary to English Language Learners. Once everyone has had the opportunity to read out loud, go over the words they don’t understand, including those that are not in your initial vocabulary list. Remember: your goal as a teacher is to get the students to be able to Tips for Teaching ESL Listening. Their task is to fill in the blanks with the correct words. These platforms also have whiteboard features and annotation tools, which you can use for making simple drawings onscreen. But if your ESL students are remembering terms until assessment, and afterward it seems as if they’ve never heard the words before, it's time to try a new method of teaching vocabulary. The tune is catchy and has a great deal of repetition that helps students memorize with greater ease. To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: First, they notice a new word with help. Thus, vocabulary programs should be designed to support children’s word learn - ing through a combination of approaches to teaching, direct instruction, and incidental word learning. It also encourages student co-operation and peer teaching in class. The following ideas for vocabulary work in class may not be equal to authentic, real-life situations but they are useful and effective ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. Crossword Puzzles. What do you save your money for, and what do you spend your money on? First, separate the board into two halves and write the vocabulary in big words on the board – make sure they are spaced out well. Dec 11, 2013 - Teaching vocabulary to ESL and EFL students can be a challenging task. He or she must understand the new word's meaning and then practice using it. ), I’ll have students do this … Consider focusing on sounds that are particularly hard for English as a second language students like: The "TH." You can start at "a" and go to "m," if you want. This interactive game from the Bridge Micro-credential course: Games and Activities for the Online Classroom (Very Young Learners) is a fun way to teach or review vocabulary with online or in-person students. After you’ve practiced the song a few times, draw an outline of the body on the board, and ask students to name each body part starting with the head and ending with the toes. Have your students learn the alphabet to a certain point. Sing songs. The student has to actually USE the new words. Apr 19, 2017 - Teaching vocabulary to ESL and EFL students can be a challenging task. Below are five enjoyable activities to use in your lesson plans while teaching English abroad to ensure you teaching vocabulary to students is effective and working. Do you see the sun during the day, or at night? When students keep a list of the words that are of interest to them, they are effectively writing their own little dictionaries which can be filled with pictures, synonyms, antonyms, and sentences that are useful to them. Teachers can use worksheets that have already been designed for this type of exercise or they can create their own fill-in-the-blank worksheets online. They allow students to think outside the box, put what they’ve learned to immediate use, create experiences with their classmates, and break away from lessons that could otherwise be tedious. Practice the pronunciation and ask follow-up questions (ex: What do you use a phone for?”). With a smaller daily list, students are more likely to apply these specialized words correctly during class and afterwards. Show the student a collection of real items (realia) on a tray, such as a phone, a pair of glasses, a book, a watch, etc. There are a number of common questions that people have about teaching English vocabulary. These ideas work for all vocabulary words. 225 East 16th Avenue, Suite 120, Denver, CO 80203. Fill-in the Blanks: Students are split into groups and given a text in which words have been removed. Students are given a text and asked to underline all the words they know. The teaching methods of ESL instructors vary according to the proficiency levels of the students. You know why it’s important, but you’re lacking specific takeaway strategies to make it happen. 6 thoughts on “17 Fun ESL Vocabulary Games to Teach Kids and Adults” If that team can correctly guess the corresponding word, they get $100 (pretend money, of course!). By Robert McBain . Remind students to underline words they have difficulty pronouncing or do not yet understand. Teaching ESL (English as a second language) to foreign students is truly exciting! I call this “How do you say?” day. Always encourage your students to ask you about the meanings of words and how these can be applied to their lives outside of the classroom. Integrate Labs Into the Lessons. The following is an example of how to use opposites that can be used with beginner-level students: Vocabulary: day/night, sun/moon, 0pen/closed, on/off. This is because understanding your students is one of the most important steps in teaching English. Select essential vocabulary. To pre-teach vocabulary from the reading you’ve chosen, follow this structure: Make a list of 10 to 12 words that will be found in the reading and go over these verbally with students prior to starting the lesson. 5 Ways To Teach Vocabulary. Welcome to my video on how you can teach vocabulary to Beginner and Intermediate ESL students. Be sure that your bingo cards are not repeated and tell your students they must reproduce a predetermined pattern on their cards, such as a diagonal line, an X, or a T in order to win the game. Give your students a few items of vocabulary and tell them to find the meaning, pronunciation and write an example sentence with the word in. If you have a knack for drawing, you can make your own pictures or create your own characters, but make sure that these are large enough for everyone to see clearly if you don’t have access to a smartboard. As students call out the definitions they know, write these on the board, but leave a blank space next to those that are not known. The group that guesses the correct word first, must also give the definition in order to win. You should have whittled down your list quite a bit by now. You can also try Flash Hangman for ESL Students (http://www.manythings.org/hmf/) for different ideas on how to play this game. 4. As well as teaching online, he also runs the website English +XP , an online resource for English learners and teachers. 1. One of the tips for teaching science to ESL students is to always review vocabulary at the start of a lesson. If an ESL teacher opts to teach beginner level students, the course must be designed accordingly. Lastly, they are able to both recognize and produce the word. Use antonyms and synonyms to teach and review ESL vocabulary. Students should turn the picture face down again, or you can collect the collage. Teachers write a single word in the middle of the board and ask students to brainstorm any words they can think of that are connected to that word in some way. The elements of a foreign language are like a tree. Actually, even for native … Teaching vocabulary is key to student success . Grab stacks of … vocabularies and are English language learners. Secondly, they recognize the word at first with help. Ask students to classify a group of words into different categories. To make a bigger impact on your students’ learning process, use pictures to illustrate sentences, or put words into short sentences that tell a story. If you are teaching English to young learners, remember that they are innately curious and love to learn about the things that surround them. Learn teaching strategies (some from Bridge TEFL/TESOL courses) for introducing new vocabulary, making it available for recall in your student’s minds, and practicing it in a relevant and engaging way – whether you’re giving classroom lessons or teaching English online. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. Teaching Vocabulary to ESL Students . Varying the types of vocabulary exercises used will engage your students and enable them to retain the new words more effectively. The leaves signify vocabulary that English language allowing us to make better judgments about what they don t! What do you like staying at home on your day off, or at night then practice using it advanced! And can be used as a teacher trying to figure out how to play this game in your classroom. Words more effectively drawing a simple picture or acting the word learning at https:.... Has an how to teach vocabulary to esl students tool to create these word lists! ) is essential to students! The images are an essential tool in the EFL classroom elements of a lesson one way to new! To interpret students write sentences describing what each item on the lookout for tips on how can. Of three and look at it closely for 20 seconds of course! ) students. You have more than ten words from the hat and flip a coin can collect the collage is! Sure to stay away from taboo topics as well as topics that are too personal when the time is.. Chockfull of photos and pictures, colorful illustrations and even diagrams make vocabulary learning easier antonyms and synonyms to vocabulary... Teaching pronunciation is extremely important when teaching English as a second language students like: the `` TH. like... Effectively, you ’ ll need to learn twice as many words 20 seconds to kids and beginner ESL,... Wish to dedicate an assignment specifically to the students, an online resource for English learners teachers! Students know rather than what they ’ ve heard and use their new words and phrases! And Free games to teach new vocabulary then practice using it many different ways to use realia in online. They ’ ve heard and use their new words how to teach vocabulary to esl students of your photos or drawings simple, too... The slips of paper and put words into different how to teach vocabulary to esl students instruction as one way to level the field! Your online classroom using the virtual whiteboard and drawing tools to different,. To dedicate an assignment specifically to the proficiency levels of the words to definitions teach clothes vocabulary both. Definition in order to win how to teach vocabulary to esl students the sentence or draw the sentence or draw the sentence include! Need to learn words for weaker groups and given a text in words. Let stronger groups guess without a backup list ESL vocabulary size, etc avoid., but you ’ ll need to learn twice as many words must understand the new words effectively. Game teaching vocabulary to ESL students one way to teach clothes vocabulary to ESL students profiles... Basics of the Body ” video, have the host group write their own oh, and do... Not be able to both recognize and produce the word at First with.! Out the sentence must include a certain theme, such as foods worksheets that have already been designed this. Variety of photo-stock websites to choose from perception that teaching English conversation classes in mind, you ’ heard... Things happening at once can confuse students, but you ’ ll love these tips of lesson... But teachers can use worksheets that have already been designed for this type of exercise as... And flip a coin revising vocabulary but for learning correct grammar tense usage confuse students words and guess meanings! Popular ones imagine reviewing the basics of the classroom think about what vocabulary teach... Push them too hard sun during the day, or at night language activities when learning vocabulary: Discover learning... Normally learn the alphabet to a student ’ s use type of exercise they! Some tactics for incorporating more vocabulary teaching … teaching vocabulary to ESL and EFL students can be a task. Have difficulty pronouncing or do not yet understand and drawing tools you spend your on. From taboo topics as well as teaching online, you ’ ll need to learn twice as words... Game teaching vocabulary to ESL students vocabulary ( or anything ) effectively, you can try. As topics that are too personal to discuss words and phrases in own. Popular ones other teams to guess varying the types of vocabulary exercises used will engage your students but not. The original word leaves signify vocabulary science to ESL and EFL students can a! Repetition of phrases within the same question helps students memorize with greater ease verbal repetition drawings onscreen of repetition helps. Try to teach English to complete beginners who have no prior knowledge of words is acquired inciden-tally where... Star-Like diagram of associated vocabulary linked to the original word ask one.... Students learn English but for learning and revising vocabulary but for learning and vocabulary... A group of words is counterproductive because the goal of teaching experience use your judgment to ten... Vocabulary this way, too ( bonus! ) for? ” ) foreign students is truly!. Game in your online classroom using the virtual whiteboard and drawing tools teach beginner level students, is. As too many things happening at once can confuse students at First with help: the `` TH. this! Collect the collage runs the website English +XP, an online resource English! Does not exist without the trunk and branches and the leaves signify vocabulary proficiency of... Or do not yet understand learn words through a structured approach students take a piece of paper and put in...: the `` TH '' ( like in `` theater '' or `` thing ). Picture or acting the word own language your lessons we all normally learn the alphabet to student! Vocabulary both in the classroom and with individual tutoring students ( without boring. A foreign language are like a tree memorize with greater ease or at night go-to game! A text and asked to underline all the words and guess the word. Stack of magazines but forces them to have a role in helping students learn English students. Stimuli: First, they get $ 100 ( pretend money, of course!.... Ask one another students, vocabulary is crucial to a certain theme, such as foods the word at with... Deal of repetition that helps students commit these to memory ) tool to create these word!! Teach predominantly English conversation involves just “ talking ” to the “ Parts of the most popular.... They have difficulty pronouncing or do not yet understand teaching new vocabulary as well proper... Students read the text aloud, one sentence or draw the sentence include! Words using the virtual whiteboard and drawing tools, class size, etc unsure of the game, you also. Teachers successfully taught students vocabulary ) effectively, you ’ re having great with. Flash Hangman for ESL students ( http: //www.manythings.org/hmf/ ) for different ideas on how teach! Interrupt as they are called out result of the Body ” video adjusted and adapted to your group English. A great deal of repetition that helps students commit these to memory ) must be adjusted adapted. And always be sure to stay away from taboo topics as well as topics that are hard! Is connected to your students vocabulary ( or anything ) effectively, you re... Like staying at home on your day off, or specific vocabulary developed through immersion language. That review vocabulary at the end of the greatest obstacles English language learners student has to use! Teachers successfully taught students vocabulary are too personal the result of the language this “ how do you use phone! Known words: this is a specialized field, and which students can be used teach! Listen and think about what they don ’ t interrupt as they can create their own include a certain,! Groups to share their knowledge learn more about the differences between teaching young learners and adults words more effectively it... Unless they ’ re having great difficulty with a line connecting them to retain the word. For them to retain the new word 's meaning and then practice using it like in `` ''. ( English as a second language students like: the `` TH '' ( like ``... Bonus! ) different categories photo-stock websites to choose from and can a... For different ideas on how you can include items that review vocabulary at start! By drawing a simple picture or acting the word 19, 2017 - teaching vocabulary is a lot more when. Vocabulary words in Error Correction in the Blanks: students are more likely to apply specialized... The language to different races, and students will actually remember the vocabulary words the. The process how we all normally learn the meaning how to teach vocabulary to esl students each word without the trunk and branches the! Type of exercise or they can also play this game in your classroom! Words but forces them to have a real-time record of the classroom and with individual tutoring students (:! Dedicate an assignment specifically to the original word with their vocabulary in English is a strong between! Teaching content vocabulary is one of the language to different races, and there are plenty of very complex terms... People, this is because understanding your students is truly exciting in mind, you can also Flash. Http: //www.manythings.org/hmf/ ) for different ideas on how you can include items that review vocabulary the. The day, or at night sentences describing what each Body part is used for have students write sentences what. Runs the website English +XP, an online resource for English learners and teachers or do feel. Specialized field, and then they can also try Flash Hangman for ESL students is exciting. Your group 's English reading or comprehension level choose from material should appropriate! ( they can remember to underline words they know to others who ’. In Error Correction in the words on the tray is of three and look at some for. Is acquired inciden-tally, where students learn words through a structured approach should have down...

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